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Sunnats and Aadaab of Azaan and Iqaamah – Part 5

1. The dua that is made after the azaan and between the azaan and iqaamah is accepted.

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الدعاء لا يرد بين الأذان والإقامة (سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 212)

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The dua made between the azaan and iqaamah is not rejected.”

عن عبد الله بن عمرو أن رجلا قال يا رسول الله إن المؤذنين يفضلوننا فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قل كما يقولون فإذا انتهيت فسل تعطه (سنن أبي داود، الرقم: 524)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr bin Aas (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that a certain Sahaabi once said to Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)! Indeed the muazzins have great virtue over us!” Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) responded, “Repeat the words of the muazzin (when he calls out the azaan), and when you complete (replying to the azaan) then make dua, your dua will be accepted.” 

2. Leave a sufficient amount of time between the azaan and iqaamah so that people will be able to fulfill their needs and prepare for salaah. However, Maghrib Salaah should be performed immediately after the azaan.

عن جابر رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لبلال إذا أذنت فترسل وإذا أقمت فاحدر واجعل بين أذانك وإقامتك قدر ما يفرغ الآكل من أكله والشارب من شربه والمعتصر إذا دخل لقضاء حاجته ولا تقوموا حتى تروني (سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 195)

Hazrat Jaabir (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) addressed Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) saying, “When you call out the azaan then call it out with tarassul (gradually, with pausing after each phrase), and when you call out the iqaamah then call it out quickly, and allow so much of time to pass between your azaan and iqaamah that a person who is eating can complete his meal, and the one who is drinking can finish his drink, and the person who has a need to relieve himself can do so, and do not stand up (to form the saffs and call out the iqaamah) until you see me.”

3. If you are in a place out of the town where there is no person present to perform salaah with you, then even though you will perform salaah alone, you should still call out the azaan and iqaamah. If you call out the azaan and iqaamah and thereafter perform salaah, the malaa’ikah (angels) will perform salaah with you.

عن عقبة بن عامر رضي الله عنه قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يعجب ربك من راعي غنم في رأس شظية الجبل يؤذن بالصلاة ويصلي فيقول الله عز وجل انظروا إلى عبدي هذا يؤذن ويقيم الصلاة يخاف مني قد غفرت لعبدي وأدخلته الجنة (سنن النسائي، الرقم: 666)

Hazrat Uqbah bin Aamir (radhiyallahu anhu) reports, “I heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) mentioning, ‘Allah Ta’ala becomes pleased when the shepherd of goats and sheep, who is (alone) on the peak of the mountain, calls out the azaan and then performs salaah. Hence, Allah Ta’ala says, ‘Look at this servant of mine! He is calling out the azaan and establishing salaah while fearing me! Indeed I have forgiven my servant and I (have decreed that I) will admit him into paradise!’’”

عن سلمان الفارسي رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا كان الرجل بأرض قي فحانت الصلاة فليتوضأ فإن لم يجد ماء فليتيمم فإن أقام صلى معه ملكاه وإن أذن وأقام صلى خلفه من جنود الله ما لا يرى طرفاه (الترغيب والترهيب، الرقم: 387)

Hazrat Salmaan Al-Faarsi (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “When a person is (alone) in a deserted area and the time of salaah enters, then he should perform wudhu. If he cannot find water then he should perform tayammum. If he calls out the iqaamah (before performing salaah), his two angels will perform salaah with him, and if he calls out the azaan and iqaamah (before performing salaah), such large armies of Allah Ta’ala (angels) will perform salaah behind him that both ends of these armies cannot be seen.”

4. If many qadha salaahs are being performed together, it is permissible to call out a separate azaan for each missed salaah, as well as to suffice on one azaan for all the missed salaahs. However, a separate iqaamah should be called out for each salaah.

عن أبي عبيدة بن عبد الله بن مسعود قال قال عبد الله إن المشركين شغلوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن أربع صلوات يوم الخندق حتى ذهب من الليل ما شاء الله فأمر بلالا فأذن ثم أقام فصلى الظهر ثم أقام فصلى العصر ثم أقام فصلى المغرب ثم أقام فصلى العشاء (سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 179)

Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (rahimahullah) reports that his father, Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu), mentioned, “On the occasion of the Battle of Khandaq (the Battle of the Trench), the disbelievers kept Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) (and the believers) occupied (through fighting) until four salaahs were missed and a portion of the night had passed. Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) then commanded Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) to call out the azaan. After calling out the azaan, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) called out the iqaamah and they performed the qadha of the Zuhr Salaah. Thereafter, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) called out the iqaamah and they performed the qadha of the Asr Salaah. Thereafter, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) called out the iqaamah and they performed the qadha of the Maghrib Salaah. Finally, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu anhu) called out the iqaamah and they performed the Esha Salaah.”

Note: The Esha Salaah was not missed but was performed later than the normal time. For this reason, the Esha Salaah was also included with the other missed salaahs.

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