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Sunnats and Aadaab of Wudhu-Part 1

1. When making wudhu, sit on a raised place (e.g. a chair) and face the qiblah. The place where one makes wudhu should be a clean place.

عن عبد خير عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه أتي بكرسي فقعد عليه ثم دعا بتور فيه ماء فكفأ على يديه ثلاثا (سنن النسائي، الرقم: 93)

Hazrat Abd Khair (rahimahullah) reports that a chair was brought to Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu). He then sat on the chair (in order to demonstrate the wudhu of Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)). Thereafter, he requested that a utensil of water be brought. He then commenced by pouring water on his hands thrice (i.e. he washed his hands thrice till the wrists).

2. Make the intention for wudhu.
3. Recite the masnoon dua before commencing the wudhu:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَالْحَمْدُ للّٰهِ

(I commence) in the name of Allah Ta’ala and all praise belongs to Allah Ta’ala.

عن أبى هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يا أبا هريرة إذا توضأت فقل بسم الله والحمد لله فإن حفظتك لا تبرح تكتب لك الحسنات حتى تحدث من ذلك الوضوء (مجمع الزوائد، الرقم: 1112)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “O Abu Hurairah! When you perform wudhu, then (first) recite the dua  بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَالْحَمْدُ للّٰه. Through reciting this dua, the malaa’ikah (angels) which protect you (are commanded to) continuously record good deeds for you until you break that wudhu.”

4. Wash both the hands up to the wrists thrice.

عن حمران مولى عثمان أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دعا بوضوء فتوضأ فغسل كفيه ثلاث مرات (صحيح مسلم، الرقم: 226)

Hazrat Humraan (rahimahullah), the freed slave of Hazrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu), reports that Hazrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) requested that water be brought (to demonstrate to the people how to perform wudhu). He then commenced the wudhu by washing his hands (till the wrists) thrice. (In this narration, which appears in Saheeh Bukhaari, Hazrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu anhu) said, “I had seen Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) perform wudhu in this manner).”

5. Cleanse the mouth with a miswaak. When using the miswaak, brush the teeth in a horizontal manner and the tongue in a vertical manner. In the absence of a miswaak, you may use your finger as a substitute.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم تفضل الصلوة التي يستاك لها على الصلوة التي لا يستاك لها سبعين ضعفا (المستدرك على الصحيحين للحاكم، الرقم: 515)

Hazrat Aaishah (radhiyallahu anha) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The salaah performed after cleansing the mouth with the miswaak is seventy times superior and more rewarding than the salaah performed without using the miswaak.”

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يجزئ من السواك الأصابع (التلخيص الحبير 1/104)

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The finger can be used as a substitute in the absence of a miswaak.”

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